МатериалГельминтофауна рыб Южной Атлантики(Biologiya morya, 1968) Парухин, А. М.Helminthofauna was studied of 813 specimens of fishes relating to 37 species from the South Atlantic area. 69 species of parasite worms were found. South Atlantic is a new area of distributing 12 helminth species; and new hosts were revealed for 17 species. No harmful forms for a man were noted among helminthes but the strong infestation of fish musculation with Tetrarhynchus larvae, that makes them useless for nutrition. Analysis of helminthofauna of the certain orders of fishes is given in ecological aspect. МатериалПаразитофауна скумбрии Scomber colias Gmelin, обитающей в Атлантическом океане у побережья юго-западной Африки(Biologiya morya, 1968) Солонченко, А. И.As a result of investigating 105 specimens of Scomber colias inhabiting the area of Africa coast, they were established to be infested with 16 species of parasites in this area. Age dynamics of mackerel parasitofauna was followed. The highest invasion intensity was observed in mackerel at four years of age. МатериалК обнаружению личинок Accacoeliidae у рыб и беспозвоночных(Biologiya morya, 1968) Николаева, В. М.Cercaria owrean (Hutton, 1952) was found in the intestine of Sagitta inflata from plankton of the Gulf of Mexico. The pelagical fish of the Mediterranean basin was found to have cystless metacercaria of the family Accacoeliidae. They infect Trigla pini, Naucrates ductor, Myctophum punctatum, Diplodus annularis and Spicara smaris. As many sea invertebrates, the fish is included into the cycle development of Accacoeliidae and used as a supplementary or reservoir host. МатериалК фауне нематод некоторых донных рыб средиземноморского бассейна(Biologiya morya, 1968) Найденова, Н. Н.; Николаева, В. М.16 species of nematodes were found in 28 species of benthic fishes (177 specimens). Nematodes of the suborder Ascaridata (7 species) are represented by the most number of species and met more often. All fishes, rays excluded, are infested with nematodes of the genus Contacaecum, the larvae and mature C. fabri are most distributed. The second place is for Spirurata and third - Camallanata. A new species Ascarophis mullusi sp. nov. from red mullets is described. Larvae Porrocaecum sp. are discovered in the intestine of Trygon pastinaca, and in the body cavity of Trigla pini. The analysis is made of the nematode distribution in the Mediterranean basin. МатериалСпоровик Ortholinea gobiusi sp. nov. из черноморского бычка-травяника(Biologiya morya, 1968) Найденова, Н. Н.A new species is described of Ortholinea gobiusi sp. nov. from the bladder of Gobius ophiocephalus. A table is given for four species of the genus Ortholinea known at present time. МатериалГельминтофауна ставрида Trachurus trachurus L., обитающей у побережья Юго-Западной Африки(Biologiya morya, 1968) Ковалева, А. А.When investigating 370 Trachurus trachurus capensis taken from the area of the South-western Africa coast, it was established that it is infested with 16 species of helminthes in this area. Helminthofauna change of Trachurus with its age was observed. МатериалВлияние возраста и состава пищи на гельминтофауну ставриды Trachurus mediterraneus ponticus Aleev(Biologiya morya, 1968) Ковалева, А. А.Helminthofauna of Trachurus mediterraneus ponticus varies with the host's age. Helminthofauna of Trachurus mediterraneus ponticus varies with the host's age. Infestation takes place at the stage of fry with the body length from 1 to 2 cm. The so-called fry parasites inhabite fry up to the age of one year. Beginning from this age it takes helminthes, which compose the base of its helmintho-fauna in the future life. Qualitative and quantitative changes of the helmintho-fauna were observed with variation in its spectrum of nutrition, ecology and biology. МатериалПаразитические простейшие рыб Черного моря(Biologiya morya, 1968) Заика, В. Е.A list of parasite protozoa indicated by different investigators for the various species of the Black Sea fishes is given. Parasite protozoa were found in representatives of 28 families of the Black Sea fishes. More than 60 species and subspecies of protozoa are known for the Black Sea species altogether МатериалМатериалы к гельминтофауне ластоногих Берингова и Охотских морей(Biologiya morya, 1968) Юрахно, М. В.; Сердюков, А. М.; Трещев, В. В.Two species of Pinnipedia inhabiting the Bering Sea were investigated of which Phoca hispida (21 animals were dissected) appeared to be infested with Phocascaris phocae, Terranova decipiens, Skrjabinaria spirocauda and Corynosoma strumosum, and Erignathus barbatus nauticus (10 specimens were tested) — T. decipiens Diphyllobothrium lanceolatum and Diphyllobothrium sp. Moreover, three species of Pinnipedia from the Sea of Okhotsk were investigated of which Phoca hispida ochotensis (18 specimens) appeared to be infested with Contracaecum osculatum?, Ph. phocae, Corynosoma semerme, C. strumosum, larvae of Anisakidae and S. spirocauda, found in this animal for the first time. C. strumosum was found in one Phoca vitulina largha and C. osculatum and larvae of Anisakidae — in one Histriophoca fasciata. МатериалК проблеме трихинеллеза в Арктике(Biologiya morya, 1968) Трещев, В. В.; Сердюков, А. М.Helminthological material was collected from the food Pinnipedia on the Chuckchee Sea coast in 1904 and trichinellosis was found in one of eight walrus tested (Odobaenus rosmarus diver gens). Larvae of Trichinella spiralis were found in the diaphragm musclation in capsules of a size 0.434 X 0.108 mm. Trichinellosis in Pinnipedia was not registered in the Soviet Union waters. Trichinellosis was also registered in polar foxes (Alopex lagopus) fed on the meat of the sea animals. Taking in account the urgent problem of trichinellosis in the Arctic, it is necessary to double veterinary and medical control for meat used for food. МатериалНекоторые особенности биологии церкарий(Biologiya morya, 1968) Долгих, А. В.The results of observation are presented on cercariae Bacciger bacciger behavior, their taxis, durability of free swimming. As the cercariae are registered in the Black Sea and a new host (Chione gallina) for the first time, their brief morphological description is given. МатериалГельминтофауна моллюсков северной части Черного моря(Biologiya morya, 1968) Долгих, А. В.The investigation of helminthofauna of 45 species of the Black Sea mollusks taken in the area from Karkinitski Gulf to Novorossiisk Bay showed that 25 of them are infested with trematoda larvae. Data on the quantity of examined and infested mollusks are given for each invaded mollusk species, parasites are listed, the area of distribution of trematoda larvae and infestation degree of mollusks are given. МатериалНовая дифиллоботриида - паразит южноафриканского морского котика(Biologiya morya, 1968) Делямуре, С. Л.; Парухин, А. М.Eight South-African fur-seals (Arctocephalus pusillus) were investigated, in intestine of which the following species of helminthes were found: Diphyllobothrium atlanticum n. sp., Tetrabothriidae g. sp. (immature), Phyllobothrium sp. (larvae) and Corynosoma australe Johnston, 1937. As a result of comparison of a new species with those known for the genus Diphyllobothrium it was stated that it differs sharply. The new species is close to Diphyllobothrium arctocephalinum Johnston, 1937, but differs in scolex form, thin cuticle, absence of calcareous corpuscles and genital cloaca, very big testicles, different size of seminal vesicle, bursa, vitellin follicles etc. All the helminthes found were registered for the first time not only in Arctocephalus pusillus but for the waters of South Atlantic too. МатериалИсследования лаборатории паразитологии института биологии южных морей ан усср в период с 1958 по 1966 г.(Biologiya morya, 1968) Николаева, В. М.; Парухин, А. М.; Долгих, А. В.; Ковалева, А. А.; Найденова, Н. Н.A survey of results is given of the parasitological investigation carried out in the Black and Azov Seas, the Mediterranean basin, the South China Sea, and in the Atlantic Ocean. There are 92 references, including 56 published and 36 in press. МатериалИсследования гельминтофауны морских млекопитающих Мирового океана, выполненные кафедрой зоологии Крымского педагогического института с 1955 по 1965 г.(Biologiya morya, 1968) Делямуре, С. Л.During the period from 1955 lo 1965 helminthologists of the Crimean State Pedagogical Institute carried out 9 expeditions with the aim of collecting helminthological material from the sea mammals of the World Ocean. Collections of other investigators were also treated. About 2.000 of the Pinnipedia and Cetacea inhabiting the Pacific Ocean, the Sea of Okhotsk and Bering Sea, the Bering Strait, the Chuckchee Sea, Kara Sea, White Sea, Barents Sea, Greenland Sea, Black Sea, Caspian Sea as well as antarctic waters of the Atlantic and Indian Oceans are investigated. Brief results of the ten-year investigation in the field of systematics, ecology and geographic distribution of helminthes of the sea mammals are reported.